Screening & Testing


This year in the United States, almost 180,000 men will be told that they have prostate cancer. After a diagnosis of prostate cancer, a man and his family face several choices regarding treatment.

Decisions involve many factors, personal as well as medical. Before making these decisions, it is very important that he learns about all the options available. With this knowledge, a newly diagnosed prostate cancer patient can participate more confidently with his doctor in planning his individual treatment.


Prostate cancer can sometimes be associated with known risk factors for the disease. Many risk factors are modifiable though not all can be avoided. Among those factors that appear to aid in prevention are hormone medications, diet adjustment and chemoprevention.

Hormonal Prevention

Studies are underway to discover the role of certain drugs, such as finasteride, that reduce the amount of male hormone as preventive agents for prostate cancer.

Diet and Lifestyle

A diet high in fat, especially animal fat, may be associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer. Increased dietary intake of fruits and vegetables has been associated with a reduced risk of prostate cancer in some studies.


Chemoprevention is the use of specific natural or man-made drugs, vitamins, or other agents to reverse, suppress, or prevent cancer growth. Several agents, including difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), isoflavonoids, selenium, vitamins D and E, and lycopene have shown potential benefit in studies. Further studies are needed to confir